Congressional Research Grants
INFORMATION ABOUT THE CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH GRANTS SPONSORED BY THE DIRKSEN CONGRESSIONAL CENTER
NOTE: The next deadline for applications is April 1 of the current year. Grants will be announced by May 15.
The Dirksen Congressional Center invites applications for grants to fund research on congressional leadership and the U.S. Congress. The Center, named for the late Senate Minority Leader Everett M. Dirksen, is a private, nonpartisan, nonprofit research and educational organization devoted to the study of Congress. Since 1978, the Congressional Research Grants program has invested more than $998,026 to support over 451 projects. Applications are accepted at any time, but the deadline is April 1 for the annual selections, which are announced in May.
The Center has allocated up to $50,000 in 2016 for grants with individual awards capped at $3,500.
Who is qualified to apply?
The competition is open to individuals with a serious interest in studying Congress. Political scientists, historians, biographers, scholars of public administration or American studies, and journalists are among those eligible. The Center encourages graduate students who have successfully defended their dissertation prospectus to apply and awards a significant portion of the funds for dissertation research. Applicants must be U.S. citizens who reside in the United States.
The grants program does not fund undergraduate or pre-Ph.D. study. Organizations are not eligible. Research teams of two or more individuals are eligible. No institutional overhead or indirect costs may be claimed against a Congressional Research Grant.
What kind of research projects are eligible for consideration?
The Center’s first interest is to fund the study of the leadership in the Congress, both House and Senate. Topics could include external factors shaping the exercise of congressional leadership, institutional conditions affecting it, resources and techniques used by leaders, or the prospects for change or continuity in the patterns of leadership. In addition, The Center invites proposals about congressional procedures, such as committee operation or mechanisms for institutional change, and Congress and the electoral process.
The Center also encourages proposals that link Congress and congressional leadership with the creation, implementation, and oversight of public policy. Proposals must demonstrate that Congress, not the specific policy, is the central research interest.
The Center does NOT require grant recipients to use historical materials in its collections. For persons interested in such research, however, please visit http://www.dirksencenter.org/print_collections_overview.htm for information about our holdings.
The research for which assistance is sought must be original, culminating in new findings or new interpretation, or both. The grants program was developed to support work intended for publication in some form or for application in a teaching or policy-making setting. Research produced by previous grant recipients has resulted in books, papers, articles, course lectures, videotapes, and computer software.
What could a Congressional Research Grant pay for?
Generally speaking, a grant can cover almost any aspect of a qualified research project, such as travel to conduct research, duplication of research material, purchase of data sets, and costs of clerical, secretarial, research, or transcription assistance. This list is merely illustrative. Specifically excluded from funding are the purchase of equipment, tuition support, salary support for the principal investigator(s), indirect costs or institutional overhead, travel to professional meetings, and publication subsidies.
Grants range from a few hundred dollars to $3,500. Stipends will be awarded to individuals (not organizations) on a competitive basis. Grants will normally extend for one year. In some circumstances, the Center will make more than one grant to a single individual in consecutive years, but not more than three grants to the same person in a five-year period.
The Internal Revenue Service requires The Center to report disbursements of more than $600 to individuals. Accordingly, we file a 1099-MISC reporting grant payments. If potential recipients prefer to have payments made to a university foundation on their behalf, they must submit with their proposal a letter from the responsible official stipulating that no indirect or overhead costs will be charged against the grant. In other words, the entire amount must be paid out to the individual.
How do I apply?
Download the Word document -- Congressional Research Grant Application -- and complete the required entries. You may send the application as a Word or pdf attachment to an e-mail directed to Frank Mackaman at email@example.com. Please insert the following in the Subject Line: “CRG Application [insert your surname].” Thank you.
The Congressional Research Grant Application contains the following elements:
Congressional Research Grant Project Description. A description of the project's goals, methods, and intended results demonstrating clearly its importance to the grants program priorities. This is the most essential element of the application. Be sure to explain the project's significance and relationship to existing scholarship. Recommended length: five pages.
Budget. Indicate how funds will be spent and the extent of matching funds available, if any. Recommended length: one-half page.
Curriculum Vita. The vita or resume should not exceed two pages.
Reference Letter. Graduate students (those who have successfully defended their dissertation proposal) must arrange for a letter of reference from the person directing their dissertation work. The letter should be sent on institutional letterhead as a signed pdf attachment to Frank Mackaman at firstname.lastname@example.org. Length not to exceed one page—additional pages will not be forwarded to the judges.
Overhead Waiver Letter. If potential recipients prefer to have payments made to an institutional entity on their behalf, they must submit with their proposal a letter from the responsible official stipulating that no indirect or overhead costs will be charged against the grant. In other words, the entire amount must be paid out to the individual. The Overhead Waiver Letter should be sent on institutional letterhead as a signed pdf attachment to Frank Mackaman at email@example.com.
IMPORTANT: The entire application when printed must NOT exceed ten pages. Applications may be single-spaced. Please use fonts no smaller than 10-point. This total does NOT include the reference letter (one additional page) or the Overhead Waiver Letter (one additional page).
When is the deadline?
All application materials must be received on or before April 1 of the current year. Grants will be announced in May.
How are recipients selected?
Proposals are judged by the significance of the research project; the project's design, plan of work, and dissemination; the applicant's qualifications; the relationship of the project to The Center's program goals and to current work in the field; and, the appropriateness of the budget request for the project's requirements.
Grant recipients agree to...
Acknowledge the support given by The Dirksen Congressional Center wherever material is published or presented.
IMPORTANT. Provide an “Impact Statement” after one year describing how the grant was spent and evaluating the impact of the research project. This 350-500 word statement will be posted on The Center's Web site.
Furnish The Center with a copy of any book, article, or other publication incorporating research made possible by the grant.
Cooperate in periodic studies conducted by The Center to evaluate the grants program. This may include writing summaries of research findings for use in other Center publications.
Permit publication of the research abstract in print and electronic formats.
Questions? Call, write, or e-mail
Frank H. Mackaman
The Dirksen Congressional Center
Pekin, IL 61554-4219 USA
(309) 347-6432 FAX
Grant Recipients, 2016
Michael Bobelian, Department of Journalism, Baruch College
“The Prize: Warren, Johnson, Nixon and the Making of the Modern Supreme Court”
The central focus of my book delves into the frequent clashes between Congress and the Supreme Court between 1953-71. During Earl Warren’s tenure as Chief Justice, the Court became increasingly politicized through a series of controversial opinions. These rulings instigated unprecedented attempts by Congress to curb the Court and overturn its unpopular rulings through legislation and constitutional amendments. By the late 1960s, these standoffs spilled over into the confirmation process, which went through similar turmoil, transforming the selection of justices from a casual afterthought to an all-out battle that reverberates to this day.
Michael Brenes, Department of History, Hunter College, City University of New York
“Reform and Reaction: Hubert H. Humphrey in the U.S. Senate”
This book-length project argues that Senator Hubert H. Humphrey is an unexamined figure in shaping the post-committee era in Congress. Once elected in 1948, Humphrey played an instrumental role in the rules-change fights of the 1950s. Humphrey then left the Senate in 1965 to serve as Lyndon Johnson's vice-president. But when he returned to Congress in 1971, the reforms he championed allowed his colleagues to stymy his major legislation, particularly from 1975 until his death in 1978. For these reasons, Humphrey offers a window into the strengths and weaknesses of the post-committee Congress and the origins of modern polarization.
Jeff Carter, Department of Political Science, University of Mississippi
“Congress and the Financing of U.S. Interstate Wars”
How does Congress influence how the United States pays for its interstate wars? Waging war inevitably requires an increase in the resources devoted to the military. Countries typically finance their mobilization efforts through some combination of reducing non-military spending, increasing taxes, borrowing, and printing money. Based on the results of a formal model, I argue Congressional opposition to war influences the overall level of mobilization and the finance methods the United States uses to pay for war. Receiving a Congressional Research Grant will pay for archival research into how Congressional opposition shaped mobilization and finance decisions during the Vietnam War.
*Soumi Chatterjee, Department of Political Science, University of California, Los Angeles
“Warriors as Politicians: The Effect of Combat Experience on Congressional Voting”
On issues of foreign policy, do veterans behave differently than other congressmen? Existing literature that explores the voting records of veteran-representatives focus on the post-Vietnam and post-9/11 eras, in which the diminishing number of representatives with military experience show little differentiation on foreign policy voting. But is “military service” a uniform experience? This paper further explores the link between military service as a crucial shaper of beliefs by examining potential differences between veteran-representatives with combat experience, those that served in non- combat capacities, and those with no military experience at all. By utilizing a dataset consisting of congressional biographies and district characteristics from 1824 to present, we systematically compare the effect of particular military experiences on roll call and committee votes regarding major foreign policy proposals. These findings will have implications both in the study of congressional representation, the behavioral effect of military service on political elite, and congressional foreign policy voting.
Darin Dewitt, Department of Political Science, California State University, Long Beach
“Time Allocation Across the Senate Election Cycle”
Congressional scholars have documented a sharp decline in Senate hearing activity since the 1990s. This observation has led scholars and pundits to ask: Have the ambitions and motives of senators changed? To answer this question, I construct a dataset of individual-level hearing attendance records for all committees in the Senate between 1995 and 2014. Then, I investigate whether career ambitions and electoral motives explain why senators allocate time to congressional hearings in the contemporary era, as they did in the past. Furthermore, I leverage the U.S. Senate's staggered, six-year term to investigate how increasingly costly campaigns hinder hearing participation.
Bryan Gervais, Department of Political Science and Geography, University of Texas at San Antonio
“The Digital Homestyle Archive: Establishing a Perpetually Updated Database of Congressional Tweets”
Much in the way that datasets of roll call votes and levels of polarization have enabled cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses of Congress, I believe that a congressional “Tweet” dataset would be a boon to researchers aiming to understand constituent-representative interactions, home style, representation, and broader political dynamics in the 21st century. In fact, without reliable and comprehensive sources of data on the political use of social media, valid studies of congressional communication will soon prove impossible. I propose establishing a perpetually updated database of all Tweets generated from official congressional Twitter accounts that will be made publicly available to researchers.
John Henderson, Department of Political Science, Yale University
“Downs’ Revenge: How Polarized Incumbents Persuade Voters and Win Elections”
How do congressional candidates run and win elections in an era of polarized representation? To address this question, I develop and test a theory of issue agendas in campaigns. Accordingly, candidates signal ideological information to voters by prioritizing and contextualizing some issues over others, with the aim of attacking opponents as extremists, while portraying one’s own record as relatively moderate. I assess this account through a series of experiments and observational data drawn from over 12,000 political commercials. I find indeed that positive messages convey centrism, while negativity highlights polarization, with implications for understanding campaign communication, partisanship and political behavior.
Alexander Hertel-Fernandez, School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University
“Power, Perceptions, and Policy: A Study of Legislative Staffers”
How do top legislative staffers formulate opinions about policy problems and solutions – and whose interests do they have in mind when thinking about those issues? By deploying an internet survey of legislative staffers on Capitol Hill, we will examine the ways in which top legislative staffers perceive policy problems, potential solutions, and the support or opposition of voters, interest groups, and their colleagues. This research will thus illuminate the extent to which staffers’ perceptions of policy issues are shaped by the views of different constituents – and how that, in turn, shapes their thinking about appropriate and feasible policy solutions.
Russell W. Mills, Department of Political Science, Bowling Green State University
“Behind “Enemy” Lines? Congressional Detailees and Executive Branch Influence over Policy Formulation”
While many scholars have examined the strategies Congress uses to overcome the information disadvantage that may result from bureaucratic expertise, these studies have overlooked a critical feature of legislative capacity for bill drafting and oversight of administrative policymaking – the ability of congressional committees to hire temporary executive branch employees known as detailees. This research expands upon the applicants' previous theoretical and empirical work on congressional detailees by conducting qualitative interviews with congressional staff and current and former detailees to gain insight into the specific role of detailees in the legislative drafing process and in conducting oversight of the executive branch. In addition, these interviews will provide the authors with an dditional understanding of the dynamics detailees face in balancing their dual roles as members of the executive and legislative branches.
Leah Wright Rigueur, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University
“Brooke: The Making of the Modern Black Politician”
This project examines the political and social experience of Massachussetts Senator Edward W. Brooke, III (R), and advances a broad argument about race, leadership, and policy within the American political tradition. Brooke’s life and career in the Senate offer a useful analytical lens for understanding the emergence of the “post-civil rights” or “modern” black politician. A difficult figure to catagorize neatly, Brooke defied conventional Republican orthodoxy; this project thus seeks to insert him back into the canon of black electoral politics, assessing his impact on American public life. I argue that Brooke’s unconventional political ideology and approach influences contemporary black neoliberalism as articulated by black Democratic politicians including New Jersey Senator Cory Booker and President Barack Obama.
*Catherine Wineinger, Department of Political Science, Rutgers University
“Gendering the GOP: Republican Women and the Evolution of Women’s Representation in Congress”
Given the current environment of party polarization and the increasing number of conservative Republican women elected to Congress, this dissertation seeks to analyze how Republican congresswomen are navigating the institution of Congress to speak and act on behalf of women. Recent gender politics literature has called on scholars to examine how women are represented at the intersection of gender, party, and ideology. Through a detailed combination of content analyses, elite interviews, and case studies, this dissertation works to unveil the various institutional and contextual factors that allow Republican women to become critical actors within their party and Congress in general.
Congressional Research Grant Recipients, 1978-Present
The Dirksen Congressional Center has awarded 451 grants totaling $998,026 since 1978. The table below lists grant recipients, the institutions with which the recipients were affiliated at the time of the grant award, their project titles, the year of the award, and the amount of the grant.
|Name||Institution||Project Title||Award Year||$ Amount Awarded|
|Adler, E. Scott||Columbia University||Institutional Change and Policy Change in Congress||1993||2500|
|Adler, E. Scott||Columbia University||Changing the Rules of the Game: Distributive, Informational, and Partisan Approaches to Congressional Reform|
|Adler, E. Scott||Columbia University||Institutional Change and Policy Change in Congress||1993||2500|
|Aigner, Peter-Christian||City University of New York||Daniel Patrick Moynihan and the Shaping of Modern Liberalism: Urban Poverty, Foreign Policy, and the Democratic Party, from JFK to Clinton||2012||3500|
|Ainsworth, Scott||University of Georgia||Managing the Senate Floor: Leaders and Unanimous Consent Agreements||1991||500|
|Allen, Michael J.||Northwestern University||The War's Not Over Until the Last Man Comes Home: The Politics of Body Recovery in the Aftermath of Vietnam, 1969-1998||2001||1590|
|Allen, Michael J.||Northwestern University||The Confidence of Crisis: Congress Confronts the Imperial Presidency, 1968-1992||2012||3150|
|Allen, Neal||Wichita State University||Successfully Navigating the Politics of Race in the 1950s and 1960s: Future Congressional Leaders and Civil and Voting Rights Legislation||2013||2969|
|Arenberg, Richard A. and
|Brown University; Other||Soul of the Senate: Defending the Filibuster||2010||3500|
|Arnold, R. Douglas||Princeton University||The Logic of Congressional Action||1981||1000|
|Arnold, R. Douglas||Princeton University||The Logic of Congressional Action||1982||3000|
|Arnold, R. Douglas||Princeton University||The Elements of Legislative Accountability||1994||2750|
|Arthur, C. Damien||Marshall University||The Constitutional Fight for the Power of the Purse: Robert C. Byrd’s Entrepreneurial Defeat of the Presidential Line Item Veto||2015||3230|
|Azari, Julia and Amber Wichowsky||Marquette University||Punishing Partisanship: Congressional Leaders, Presidents, and the Dilemma of Compromise||2014||3430|
|Bader, John||University of California- Washington DC||Minority Party Leadership in the U.S. Senate||1997||1950|
|Baer, Emily Caitlin||University of Minnesota||The Democratic Study Group: Party Factions and the Development of Congressional Leadership||2014||3,500|
|Baker, Ross||Rutgers University||The Therapeutic Uses of the Party Caucus: The Use of a Party Panel to Foster Participation, Cohesion, and Member Satisfaction||1985||2500|
|Baker, Ross||Rutgers University||House and Senate: The Two Chambers Compared||1986||1500|
|Baker, Ross||Rutgers University||The Role of Congressional Leaders in the Reduction of Political Exposure||1991||2000|
|Baker, Ross||Rutgers University||State Mates: An Exploration of the Relationships of Senators from the Same State||1996||1500|
|Baker, Ross||Rutgers University||The Organization and Conduct of the United States Senate in Circumstances of Partisan Deadlock||2001||2000|
|Balla, Steven||George Washington University||The Delegation Decision: Congressional Creation and Organization of Bureaucratic Advisory Committees||2000||2400|
|Barrett, David||Villanova University||Senator Richard Russell and Congressional Oversight of the Central Intelligence Agency, 1947-1970||1994||1500|
|Barrett, David||Villanova University||Confronting Democratic Dilemmas: Congressional Oversight of the CIA in the "Era of Trust"||1998||1500|
|Barry, John||Journalist||Speaker Jim Wright||1987||3000|
|Barry, John||Journalist||Speaker Jim Wright||1988||2500|
|Basinger, Scott J.||University of Houston||Congressional Scandals and Media Coverage: A Database for Researchers||2012||2250|
|Baughman, John||Bates College||The People’s House: The Antebellum Origins of the Electoral Connection||2014||3,490|
|Beckmann, Matthew N.||University of Michigan||Presidential Lobbying: How the White House Promotes the President's Preferences on Capitol Hill||2002||3500|
|Beckmann, Matthew N.||University of California, Irvine||Assessing Washington’s Arranged Marriage: Presidents and Their Party’s Congressional Leaders||2010||3500|
|Bekafigo, Marija Anna||University of Southern Mississippi||Change and Continuity Among Party Leaders and Committee Chairs in the U.S. House, 1949-2010||2012||2500|
|Berg, John C.||Suffolk University||The Congressional Black Caucus Budget and Black Leadership in the House of Representatives||1988||2000|
|Bernstein, Jeffery||Eastern Michigan University||Using Character-Playing Simulations to Improve Instruction on Congress||1998||2040|
|Berry, Michael John||University of Colorado||Legislative Oversight Continued: The Post-Chadha Veto||2007||3500|
|Bianco, William||Pennsylvania State University||The Partisan Content of Presentations: Do House Members "Take the Party on the Road?"||2001||3117|
|Biles, Roger||East Carolina University||The Conscience of the Senate: The Life and Liberal Crusades of Paul H. Douglas||1999||1315|
|Boatright, Robert G.||Clark University||The Development of Congressional Primary Elections||2013||2500|
|Bobelian, Michael||Baruch College||The Prize: Warren, Johnson, Nixon and the Making of the Modern Supreme Court||2016||2635|
|Bond, Jon R.||Texas A & M University||Congressional Leaders, Constituency Service, and Institutional Maintenance||1988||1500|
|Borrelli, Stephen and Terry Royed||University of Alabama||Party Pledges, Party Leadership and Public Policy in the U.S., 1977-1995||1997||2500|
|Bosso, Christopher J.||Northeastern University||Into the Third Century: A Survey of Congress and Its Future||1986||500|
|Bowen, Michael||University of Florida||Fight for the Right: The Quest for Republican Identity in the Postwar Period||2007||1925|
|Bowen, Michael||Westminster College||The Watergate Babies and the Transformation of the Democratic Party||2012||2873|
|Box-Steffensmeier, Janet, *Craig, Alison, and Christenson, Dino||Ohio State University
|Cue-Taking in Congress: Interest Group Signals from Dear Colleague Letters||2013||3500|
|Brainard, Lori A.||Brandeis University||The Limits of Deregulation: Politics and the American Television Industry||1996||1300|
|Branton, Regina||Rice University||Candidate Emergence, Racial and Ethnic Heterogeneity, and Competition in Congressional Elections||2002||3000|
|Brenes, Michael||Hunter College, CUNY||Reform and Reaction: Hubert H. Humphrey in the U.S. Senate||2016||3420|
|Brown, Lynne||New York University||House Democratic Leadership in the 100th Congress||1985||2000|
|Browne, William||Central Michigan University||How Congress Decides: The Changing Dimensions of Agricultural, Rural, and Related Environmental Policymaking||1991||1500|
|Browning, Robert X.||Purdue University||Committee Leadership and Policy Environments||1983||1000|
|Brune, Lester||Bradley University||Historiographic Materials on Congress and the Korean War, June 1950 to July 1953||1994||500|
|Burden, Barry||Harvard University||The Discharge Rule and Majoritarian Politics in the House of Representatives||2002||3100|
|Butler, Lawrence||Princeton University||Getting to 218: Strategies for Building Winning Coalitions in the House of Representatives||1998||1500|
|Caldeira, Gregory A. and
|Ohio State University||The Social Matrix of Senate Leadership||1991||1500|
|Calhoun, Charles||East Carolina University||Congressional Leaders and Republican Party Ideology in the Late Nineteenth Century||1990||1000|
|Campbell, Colton||University of California||Congressional Ad Hoc Commissions: Not Just Blame Avoidance||1995||2000|
|Campbell, Colton and Nicol Rae||Florida International University||Ignoring Electoral Outcomes: House Judiciary Committee Republicans and the Clinton Impeachment||2000||3420|
|Campbell, Karl||University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill||Senator Sam Ervin and the Road to Watergate||1989||500|
|Campbell, Karl||University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill||Senator Sam Ervin and the Road to Watergate||1990||2000|
|Campbell, Kristin||Texas A & M University||Congressional Elections, the Media, and Public Distrust of Congress||1998||2500|
|Campisano, Charles||Ohio State University||Senatorial Opposition to Lower Federal Court Nominees and the Blue Slip||2011||3425|
|Cannon, James M.||Eisenhower Centennial Foundation||How Congress Shaped Ford the Man and Minority Leader, and Ford the President||1990||1500|
|Canon, David T.||University of Wisconsin||Unconventional Lawmaking in the U.S. Congress||1992||1000|
|Carnes, Gretchen||Penn State University||Issue Avoidance Among Members of the U.S. House||2004||3500|
|Carnes, Nicholas W.||Princeton University||Social Class and Congressional Leadership||2009||3500|
|Carroll, Celia||Emory University||The Impact of Congressional Caucuses upon Deliberation in the House of Representatives||2000||3500|
|Carroll, Royce A. and Henry A. Kim||Rice University; University of Arizona||Changing Congressional Rhetoric, Polarization, and the Breakdown of Organizational Parties in the U.S. House||2008||2500|
|Carson, Jamie L.||Michigan State University||Strategy and Choice in 19th and Early 20th Century U.S. House Elections||2003||3100|
|Carter, Daryl A.||East Tennessee State University||Civility & Character: Sen. Howard H. Baker, Jr. and The Rise of the Republican Party||2015||3500|
|Carter, Jeff||University of Mississippi||Congress and the Financing of U.S. Interstate Wars||2016||1641|
|Chatterjee, Soumi and Shawn Patterson||UCLA||Warriors as Politicians: The Effect of Combat Experience on Congressional Voting||2016||3500|
|*Chaturvedi, Neilan S.||University of California Irvine||Surviving the Ideological Center: The Influence of Moderates on Lawmaking in the Senate||2013||3500|
|Chase, Kerry and Allan Kessler||Tufts University; University of Texas-Austin||Globalization and Representation: The Trade Votes of Members of Congress||2002||2502|
|Cho, Grace||University of Michigan||Congressional Representation of Noncitizens: A Case Study of Immigrants||2007||3400|
|Choate, Jean M.||Iowa State University||William Lemke and the National Farmers Process Tax Recovery Association||1991||1000|
|Clark, Jennifer||University of Houston||The Difference Women Make: How Gender Shapes Agenda-Setting and Policy Success in the Contemporary Congress||2011||3250|
|Clausen, Aage||Ohio State University||Policy Positions of Congressional Party Leaders||1979||1500|
|Clawson, Rosalee and
|Purdue University||A Rocky Relationship: The Public, the Press, and the U.S. Congress||1999||3000|
|Clinton, Joshua D.||Princeton University||Lawmaking and the U.S. Congress, 1935-2006||2007||3475|
|Cohen, Jeffrey E.||University of Illinois||Congressional Control of the Bureaucracy: A Test of Two Theories||1986||2500|
|Collier, Ken||University of Kansas||White House Relations with Congress||1991||1400|
|Collins, Nancy Walbridge||Columbia University||Congressional Intervention: Historic Leadership of National Security Reforms||2013||2,973|
|Collins, Paul M. and Lori Ringhand||University of North Texas||May It Please the Senate: Supreme Court Confirmation Hearings and Constitutional Change||2011||3477|
|Connelly, William F., Jr.||Washington & Lee University||The Permanent Minority Status of House Republicans||1991||1500|
|Connelly, William F., Jr.||Washington & Lee University||The Roots of Legislative Strategy in American Political Thought||2002||3061|
|Conway, Kevin||American University||Party Defectors on Roll Call Votes in the U.S. House||2000||3500|
|Cook, Mary Etta||Congressional Research Service||Comparison of the Committees in U.S. House of Representatives||1985||500|
|Cook, Timothy E.||Williams College||Committee Assignments and the Origins of Policy Change||1979||400|
|Cook, Timothy E.||Williams College||Newsmakers, Lawmakers, and Leaders: The News Media and Congressional Leadership||1984||2000|
|Currinder, Marian||University of Florida||The Institutional Effects and Political Implications of Outside Lobbying on the U.S. House||2000||2445|
|Curry, James M.||University of Utah||Knowledge, Expertise, and Committee Power in Congress||2015||2652|
|Dancey, Logan||University of Minnesota||Restoring Congressional Integrity: Legislative Responsiveness to Citizens’ Concerns||2010||1133|
|Dark, Taylor||Brookings Institution||Congressional Leadership and the Role of Interest Groups: The Case of Organized Labor||1990||2000|
|Deason, Brian S.||Southern Illinois University||Eye of the Storm: A Political Biography of Senate Majority Leader Scott W. Lucas||1999||1990|
|Deering, Christopher and Steven Smith||George Washington University||Policy Leadership in the New Congress||1981||1000|
|Deering, Christopher and Steven Smith||George Washington University||House Majority Party Leadership and Committee Composition||1982||925|
|DeGregorio, Christine||American University||Mapping the Congressional Leadership Terrain||1989||2000|
|DeGregorio, Christine||American University||Leadership in the U.S. House of Representatives: Do Parties Matter?||1998||3000|
|DeGregorio, Christine||American University||Reconsidering the Power of Congressional Member Organizations in the U.S. House, 1992-2002 and 2007-2010||2010||3500|
|Delgadillo, Charles E.||University of California-Santa Barbara||Forged Between the Wars: The Reform Alliance in Peace and War, 1919-1941||2008||1000|
|Demessie, Menna||University of Michigan||Navigating Boundaries of Blackness: Congressional Caucuses and Minority Representation of African Immigrants in the United States||2008||3450|
|DeWitt, Darin||California State University, Long Beach||Time Allocation Across the Senate Election Cycle||2016||3500|
|DeWolf, Rebecca||American University||Equal Status versus Equal Rights: Congress, the Equal Rights Amendment, and Gendered Citizenship in America, 1920-1960||2012||3500|
|Dickerson, Kitty||University of Missouri-Columbia||Influence of Pressure and Counter-Pressure Groups on Congressional Leadership: Textile Trade Legislation||1987||2000|
|Dodd, Lawrence||Indiana University||The Learning of Legislative Mastery: A Study of Former Legislators||1984||2500|
|Dodd, Lawrence||University of Colorado-Boulder||Electoral Mastery and District Demography: A Study of Current Members of Congress||1986||2000|
|Dodson, Debra||Rutgers University||Gender Difference, Institutional Constraints, and the Representation of Women's Interests in Congress||1996||3000|
|Dominguez, Casey Byrne Knudsen||University of California at Berkeley||Before the Primary: Party Participation in Congressional Elections||2003||3500|
|Donohue, Kathleen||University of North Carolina||Balancing Acts: Congressional Power, Executive Privilege and the Public's Right to Know||2004||3500|
|Downes, Edward J.||Boston University||Press Secretary: The Story of Capitol Hill’s Image Makers||2011||3435|
|Downs, Michael||Mississippi State University||A Matter of Conscience: John C. Stennis and the Vietnam War||1989||500|
|Drucker, Julie||University of Wisconsin-Madison||Opportunities for Action: Informal Leaders in the House of Representatives||1985||500|
|Duffin, Diane||University of Missouri-St. Louis||The Structure of Congressional Oversight and Allocative Strategies in the Executive Branch||1995||1500|
|Duffin, Diane||University of Nebraska at Kearney||Nontraditional Career Paths to the U.S. House||2000||1850|
|Dull, Matthew||University of Wisconsin-Madison||Information, Control, and Congressional Oversight: Delegation and the Government Performance and Results Act, 1993-2003||2003||3260|
|Dunn, Marika-Eugenia||Rutgers University||Representation in Majority Minority Congressional Districts through Constituency Casework||2009||3310|
|Entin, Kenneth||California State College||The Leadership Network in the House of Representatives||1981||1000|
|Eshbaugh-Soha, Matthew J.||University of North Texas||The Impact of Presidential Speeches on Congressional Committees, 1989-2004||2008||3400|
|Evans, C. Lawrence||College of William and Mary||Archival Research on the House Republican Whip Process, 1960s-1990s||2011||1050|
|Evans, C. Lawrence and John Gilmour||College of William and Mary||Congressional Leaders, the President, and Veto Bargaining||2002||3000|
|Evans, Diana||Trinity College||The Impact of Committee and Subcommittee Leaders on Interest Group Policy Success||1990||2000|
|Ewell, William H.||University of North Carolina||Institutional Power and Budget Outcomes in American Government||2008||3140|
|Fails, Eleanor||Duquesne University||The American Congresswoman from 1970-Present||1987||1887|
|Farrar-Myers, Victoria||University of Texas at Arlington||The Money Career: The Changing Notion of Institutional Leadership in the U.S. Congress||2000||3312|
|Farrell, John A.||The Boston Globe||Tip O'Neill: A Biography||1999||3000|
|Fastnow, Christine||University of Iowa||Principals, Agents, Partisans, and Leaders: Toward a Theory of Minority Party House Leadership||1994||1000|
|Feeley, T. Jens||University of Washington||Partisanship and Policy Learning in the U.S. Congress, 1987-1998||2000||3500|
|Feinstein, Brian D.||Harvard University||Congressional Oversight of the Bureaucracy: Motives, Targets, and Consequences||2008||3500|
|Felton, Peter||University of Texas||J. William Fulbright's Leadership of Senate Opposition to the 1965-1966 U.S. Intervention in the Dominican Republic||1992||450|
|Fenno, Richard||University of Rochester||Research on the Explanatory Process in Senate Campaigns||1991||2000|
|Fett, Patrick||Vanderbilt University||Presidential-Congressional Politics and the President's First Year Legislative Agenda: Carter, Reagan, and Beyond||1988||2000|
|Fett, Patrick||Vanderbilt University||The President's Legislative Communications with Congress||1992||1000|
|Finocchiaro, Charles||Michigan State University||The Role of Party and Committee Leaders in Pre-Floor Decision-Making||2001||3089|
|Finocchiaro, Charles||University of South Carolina||Party Leadership and Member Resources in the Institutionalizing House||2014||3,150|
|Flehinger, Brett||Harvard University||The LaFollettes and the Progressive-New Deal Connection||1993||2500|
|Fleming, James S.||Rochester Institute of Technology||The Congressional Career and Leadership of Barber B. Conable, Jr.||1989||2000|
|Forgette, Richard and Brian Sala||Miami University;
University of Illinois
|The Emergence of Legislative Leviathan: Party Leadership in the Post-Bellum House and Senate||1995||800|
|Fowler, Linda||Syracuse University||Unseen Candidates: Ambition, Parties, and the Local Tradition||1985||1775|
|Frantzich, Stephen||U.S. Naval Academy||Congressional Leadership Video||1984||2150|
|Frantzich, Stephen||U.S. Naval Academy||Congressional Leadership in the C-SPAN Era||1994||1200|
|Frantzich, Stephen||U.S. Naval Academy||Making a Difference: Citizen Courage in a Cynical Age||1998||1900|
|Franz, Michael||University of Wisconsin||Conditional Party Resurgence and Interest Group Influence on Congressional Party Leadership||2002||2425|
|Franz, Michael M.||Bowdoin College||Congressional Oversight of Campaign Finance||2008||2010|
|Free, Laura||Cornell University||Gendering the Constitution: Congress, Woman Suffrage and the Framing of the Fourteenth Amendment, 1865-1866||1997||2778|
|Freeman, Douglas and
|Valdosta State College||Information Quality, Congressional Leadership, and Foreign Policy Decision Making||1990||1000|
|Freeman, Joanne B.||Yale University||The Field of Blood: The Culture of Congress in Antebellum America||2003||3450|
|Frisch, Scott||East Carolina University||A New Look at the House Republican Committee Assignment Process||1999||1225|
|Gaines, Brian||University of Illinois||Where's the Party? American Voters and Parties in Ideological Space||1996||2500|
|Garcia, Jennifer R.||University of California, Irvine||From Protest to Policymaking: Black Legislative Strategies in the Post-War Era||2015||3280|
|Garrett, R. Sam||American University||Campaigns, Crises and Communications: Decision-Making in Congressional Campaigns||2004||3500|
|Garrett, Shennette M.||University of Texas at Austin||The New Deal and African American Banking in the South||2009||1251|
|Gaskin, Thomas M.||Everett Community College||Senator Richard B. Russell and Lyndon B. Johnson: Death of A Friendship||1988||500|
|Geiger, Shirley M.||University of South Carolina||The Effects of Environmental Change on Leadership Interactions and Decision Making in Subcommittees of the House Committee on Appropriations||1991||1000|
|Gerrity, Jessica||Indiana University||Congressional Behavior and Interest Group Influence: The Case of the Abortion Issue||2005||2637|
|Gervais, Bryan||University of Texas at San Antonio||The Digital Homestyle Archive: Establishing a Perpetually Updated Database of Congressional Tweets||2016||2500|
|Gibson, James L||Washington University in St. Louis||Re-conceptualizing the Legitimacy of the United States Congress: New Evidence, New Approaches||2006||3500|
|Gibson, Martha||University of Connecticut||Structure, Power and Policy: U.S. Trade Politics and the Unintended Consequences of Congressional Reform||1997||2500|
|Glaser, James||Tufts University||Southern Congressional Candidates and the Washington Outsider Campaign||1998||2500|
|Goldberg, Robert A.||University of Utah||Barry Goldwater and the Shaping of Modern America||1990||1000|
|Goodliffe, Jay||Brigham Young University||Campaign War Chests in Senate Elections||2001||3350|
|Gordon, Joshua||University of Florida||Partisanship and the Destabilization of the House Appropriations Committee: Internal Social Disintegration and External Decline, 1994-2000||2001||2500|
|Grant, J. Tobin||Ohio State University||Ordinary Lawmaking||2000||3300|
|Green, Matthew N.||Yale University||The Influence of Party Leaders in the U.S. House of Representatives||2002||2400|
|Green, Matthew N.||Catholic University of America||Influence Without Power: The Challenge of Minority Party Leadership in the U.S. House of Representatives||2010||2250|
|Grimmer, Justin and Matthew Blackwell||Harvard University||It’s the flow, not the stock: Congressional Staff and Their Influence on Policy Outcomes||2010||2000|
|Grose, Christian Robert||Lawrence University||Congressional Leadership as a Valence Issue: Do Legislative Leaders Use Distributive Policy to Deviate from Constituents?||2005||3200|
|Grover, William||Saint Michael's College||The Congressional Progressive Caucus and the Policy Process||1997||1000|
|Guth, James||Furman University||Religion on Capitol Hill: The Case of the House of Representatives in the 105th Congress||1999||1820|
|Habel, Philip||University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign||The How, When, and Why of Policy Change: The Case of the Minimum Wage, 1937-2000||2004||3500|
|Hale, John F.||University of Oklahoma||Party Factionalism in Congress: The Case of the Democratic Leadership Council||1992||1000|
|Hall, Richard L.||University of Michigan||Institutional Change and Committee Decision Making in the United States Congress||1989||1000|
|Halperin, Terri Diane||University of Virginia||The United States Senate: The World's Greatest Deliberative Body, 1789-1821||1996||2600|
|Hammond, Susan Webb||American University||Informal Groups and Congressional Leadership||1981||1000|
|Hammond, Susan Webb||American University||Informal Groups and Congressional Leadership||1982||1000|
|Hammond, Susan Webb||American University||Informal Groups in Congress||1985||500|
|Harbridge, Laurel||Northwestern University||Bipartisanship in a Polarized Congress||2010||3500|
|Harbridge, Laurel and Krupnikov, Yanna||Northwestern University||The Role of Gender in Legislative Compromise||2013||3303|
|Hardt, Jan C.||University of Maryland||Strategies in Congressional Leadership Campaigns||1992||1000|
|Harris, Douglas||Johns Hopkins University||The Speaker's House: Partisanization, Institutional Representation and Party Leadership in the U.S. House of Representatives, 1960-1994||1995||1500|
|Harris, Douglas||University of Texas at Dallas||Public Leadership in the U.S. Senate, 1950-2000||2000||2500|
|Harris, Douglas||University of Texas||Party Press Secretaries in the House and Senate, 1980-2000||2001||3000|
|Harris, Douglas||Loyola University Maryland||The Public Congressional Leadership of Senate Democratic Leader George Mitchell||2015||2933|
|Harvey, Diane Hollern||University of Maryland||Congressional and Presidential Authority: Public Attitudes Toward the Separation of Powers||1996||1725|
|Harvey, Diane Hollern||George Mason University||Who Should Govern? Public Preferences for Congressional and Presidential Power||1998||1000|
|Hatcher, Andrea C.||Vanderbilt University||The Senate Majority Leader as Senator: Representational Effects of Leadership||2005||3100|
|Heberlig, Eric Scott||University of North Carolina||Paying to Play: Campaign Money, Institutional Ambition, and Political Parties in the U.S. House of Representatives||2005||2250|
|Heilig, Peggy||University of Illinois||A Leader's “Constituency Career”: Did National Visibility, Redistricting and a Close Call Change the Home Style of Robert Michel?||1985||950|
|Henderson, John||Yale University||Downs’ Revenge: How Polarized Incumbents Persuade Voters and Win Elections||2016||3500|
|Hennefeld, Carolyn Mohr||University of Colorado||Congress and Social Movements: Political Learning and the Civil Rights, Women's, and Environmental Movements, 1920-1990||1994||1500|
|Herrick, Rebekah||Oklahoma State University||Seniority and the Lost Leadership of Women House Members||1999||1512|
|Hertel-Fernandez, Alexander and Leah Stokes and Matto Mildenberger||Columbia University||Power, Perceptions, and Policy: A Study of Legislative Staffers||2016||3500|
|Hess, Stephen||Brookings Institution||The Main Street Senate||1987||2000|
|Hibbing, John||University of Nebraska||Careers and Behavior in the Modern House of Representatives||1986||3000|
|Hill, James P.||Central Michigan University||Quis Custodiet Ipsos Custodes? (Who Will Regulate the Regulator?)||1983||1500|
|Himmelberg, Robert||Fordham University||Congress as the Crucible of National Politics, 1923-1932||1985||1000|
|Hines, Eric||University of Iowa||Strategic Appointments to Conference Committees in the U.S. Congress||2003||2558|
|Hirsekorn, Shelley C.||Cornell University||Interest Group Behavior and the Institutional Development of Congress: Health Insurance Policy from 1991 to 1998||2006||3340|
|Hixon, William||University of Rochester||Majority-Party Leadership and the Committee System in the U.S. House||1997||2500|
|Hofman, Steven||Brookings Institution||The Role of House Leadership and Informal Groups in the Policy Process in the House of Representatives||1989||2000|
|Hollander, Craig B.||Johns Hopkins University||Capitol Crime: Congress, Politics, and the African Slave Trade, 1789-1860||2009||3260|
|Howard, Connie||Indiana University of Pennsylvania||Who in the World is Jeanette Rankin?||1992||1000|
|Howard, Nicholas||University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill||Issues, Members, and Obstruction: Holds in the Senate||2012||2650|
|Huder, Joshua C.||University of Florida||Cycles of Opposition: Reform Politics and Congressional Development, 1878-2009||2010||3500|
|Huelskamp, Timothy||American University||From the Ground Up: Committees on Agriculture in the United States Congress||1994||1500|
|Hulsey, Byron||University of Texas||Everett Dirksen and the Modern Presidents: Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Johnson||1998||1644|
|Hunt, Valerie||University of Washington||Congress, Courts and Changes in U.S. Immigration Policy||2000||3395|
|Irwin, Lewis||Yale University||Evaluating Change in Successful Legislating: Product, Process, and Strategies in the Modern U.S. House of Representatives||1996||3000|
|Jacobs, John||San Francisco Examiner||California Boss: The Life and Times of Phillip Burton||1989||1000|
|Jacobs, John||San Francisco Examiner||Ain't that a Bitch!: The Life and Times of Congressman Phillip Burton||1990||500|
|Jenkins, Jeffrey||Michigan State University||Can Party Leaders Influence Congressional Roll-Call Voting?: Evidence from the Civil War Congresses||2000||1346|
|Jenkins, Jeffrey||University of Virginia||Investigating the Determinants of Landmark Economic Legislation||2010||3500|
|Jenner, Robert E.||University of Maryland||FDR's Republicans: Congressional Supporters of the President's Foreign Policy, 1935-1941||1993||2500|
|Jensen, Laura S.||University of Massachusetts||Congress, the Petitions of the People, and Representation in the Early American Nation||2005||3500|
|Jewell, Malcolm and Marcia L. Whicker||University of Kentucky; Virginia Commonwealth University||Comparing the Leadership Styles of Congressional and State Legislative Leaders||1991||1000|
|Jeydel, Alana||American University||Political Elites, Social Movements and Changing Political Opportunity Structures: The Three Waves of the Women's Movement||1996||750|
|Jochim, Ashley E.||University of Washington||Responsive Policymaking and Partisan Political Conflict||2011||3453|
|Johannes, John and
|Marquette University||Congressional Leaders' Constituency Relations||1981||1000|
|Johannes, John and
|Marquette University||Congressional Leaders' Constituency Relations||1982||1150|
|Johns, Andrew L.||University of California, Santa Barbara||Hawks, Doves, and a Wise Old Owl: The Republican Party and the "Democrats'" War in Vietnam, 1960-69||1999||1710|
|Johnson, Robert David||Arizona State University||The Government Operations Committee and American Foreign Relations, 1956-1968||1994||2500|
|Johnson, Robert David||Arizona State University||The Government Operations Committee and American Foreign Relations, 1956-1968||1995||1400|
|Jones, David R.||Baruch College, CUNY||Why Do Americans (Still) Love Their Congress Members So Much More Than Their Congress? An Ideological Explanation of Fenno's Paradox||1999||660|
|Jones, Frank L.||U.S. Army War College||Power and Prerogative: The Political Leadership of Senator Sam Nunn||2015||3482|
|*Jones, James||Columbia University||The “Last Planation”: Racial Stratification and Segregation in the United States Congressional Workforce||2013||3500|
|Jones, Kenneth||Saint John's University||Congressional Leadership and the Poliomyelitis Assistance Act of 1955||1989||1000|
|Kaiser, Frederick||Library of Congress||Congressional Leadership and Foreign Policy||1982||1000|
|Kaiser, Frederick||Library of Congress||Changing Roles of a Congressional Committee Chairman: "Doc" Morgan of the House Foreign Affairs Committee||1990||1000|
|Kalaf-Hughes, Nicole and Russell Mills||Bowling Green State University||Vegan Pork: Congressional Letter-marking and the Allocation of Distributive Benefits||2015||3500|
|Kanthak, Kristin||University of Arizona||The Effect of Ideology-Based Leadership Races on Legislators’ Behavior||2005||3400|
|Kassel, Jason||University of Florida||Organizational Change and the Institutionalization of Congress: Understanding Antebellum Era Alterations to the U.S. Capitol Building||2004||3440|
|Katznelson, Ira and John Lapinski||Columbia University||Congress and American Political Development: Representation, Party, and Policy Before the Civil War||1998||2500|
|Keenan, David S.||Northwestern University||Organized Interests and the Process of Government in the Early American Republic, 1783-1800||2009||3500|
|Kelly, Sean and Scott Frisch||Niagara University; California State University||Comparing Republican and Democratic Committee Requests and Assignments||2000||750|
|Kelly, Sean and Scott Frisch||Niagara University; California State University||Computer-Aided Content Analysis of the Committee Request Letters of U.S. House Members, 1965-94||2001||3500|
|Kenski, Henry C||University of Arizona||How Media Portray Congress||1994||700|
|Kernell, Samuel||University of California-San Diego||Congressional Careers||1981||1000|
|Kernell, Samuel||University of California- San Diego||Congressional Careers||1982||2500|
|Kiewiet, D. Roderick and Kevin Roust||California Institute of Technology||Read the Fine Print: The Importance of Small Details in House Rules||2004||3420|
|King, James D.||University of Wyoming||Running Against the President: Creating Presidential Referenda in Midterm Congressional Elections||2006||3898|
|Knapp, Bryan||Brown University||America’s Multinational Moment: The U.S. Congress, Global Corporations, International Activism and the Struggle to Save the World, 1968-1981||2012||3392|
|Koch, Benjamin||University of Texas||The House Impeachment Inquiry of President Richard Nixon||2007||3263|
|Koed, Elizabeth||University of California||The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965||1993||2500|
|Koger ,Greg||University of California-Los Angeles||The Strategy of Cosponsorship||2000||1100|
|Koger, Gregory and
Matthew J. Lebo
|University of Montana; Stony Brook University||Choosing Party Leaders||2006||3283|
|Kolodny, Robin||Johns Hopkins University||The Role of the Congressional Campaign Committees in Party Development and Leadership Selection in Congress||1990||2000|
|Kotlowski, Dean||Indiana University||Competing Agendas: Richard Nixon, Republican Congressional Leadership, and Civil Rights Policy||1995||1800|
|Kotlowski, Dean||Ohio University||Farewell to the Great Father: Congress and Native American Policy Since 1960||2000||2720|
|Kowalcky, Linda||Johns Hopkins University||The House Ways and Means Committee: Conflict Displacement in Tax Legislation||1989||500|
|Kraft, Michael||University of Wisconsin||Congressional Leadership and Technological Risk Management||1987||2500|
|Kraft, Michael||University of Wisconsin||Congressional Leadership and Technological Risk Management: Designing an Effective Nuclear Waste Disposal Policy||1989||2000|
|Kretman, Kathy||University of Maryland||The Impact of Women's Legislative Caucuses on Public Policy: An Examination of the Congressional Caucus for Women's Issues and the Women Legislators of Maryland||1993||1200|
|Kriner, Douglas L.||Harvard University||Hollow Rhetoric or Hidden Influence? Congressional Constraints on the Presidential Use of Force||2006||2850|
|Kriner, Douglas L.||Boston University||Can Investigative Oversight Mend the Broken Branch?||2009||3500|
|Krugler, David||University of Illinois||The Voice of America or the Voice of Congress? U.S. Government Broadcasting and the Meaning of the Cold War||1994||1000|
|Krutz, Glen S.||Arizona State University||Congressional Leaders and the Winnowing of Legislation||1999||3500|
|Kunz, Karen||West Virginia University||Budget Priorities and Policies in the Legislative Branch, 1960-2010||2012||2775|
|LaForge, Chera||University of Illinois||On to Bigger or Better Things: The Behavioral Implications of Ambition in the House of Representatives||2011||1600|
|LaPira, Timothy M. and Herschel F. Thomas, III||James Madison University
University of Texas at Austin
|Revolving Door Lobbying: Public Service, Private Influence, and the Unequal Representation of Interests||2014||3,500|
|Larson, Stephanie Greco||Dickinson College||Lauding Leaders and Evaluating Legislators: How ABC's Evening News Celebrates Government Officials Through its "Person of the Week" and How It Covers Members of Congress||1998||1966|
|Lee, Edward||Cornell University||Power of moderation: The influence of the center voters in US Congress||2015||3492|
|Lee, Frederic||De Montfort University||Congressional Response to the Problem of Corporate Size, Monopoly and Competition, 1945-80||2000||1500|
|LeLoup, Lance||University of Missouri-St. Louis||Gramm-Rudman-Hollings: The Impact of Deficits and Fiscal Inflexibility on the Congressional Budget Process||1986||2000|
|LeoGrande, William||American University||Congress and Foreign Policy: The Struggle Over Central America||1987||1750|
|Lessoff, Alan||Johns Hopkins University||Building the National City||1987||1000|
|Levy, Dena||University of Iowa||The Long Road to Representation: Boxer and Feinstein's Career Paths to the Senate||1994||1000|
|Lewallen, Jonathan||University of Texas-Austin||You Better Find Something to Do: Congressional Policymaking in a Centralized Era||2015||3500|
|Lindsay, James||University of Iowa||Beyond the Water's Edge: Congressional Leaders and Committees in Foreign Policy||1997||2600|
|Loevy, Robert||Colorado College||The Senate Leadership and the Civil Rights Act of 1964||1983||1500|
|Longley, Lawrence and
Library of Congress
|Conference Committee Politics||1982||3000|
|Loomis, Burdett||University of Kansas||Congressional Careers and Party Leadership||1981||1000|
|Loomis, Burdett||University of Kansas||Career Development in the Post-Reform House of Representatives||1983||2500|
|Loomis, Burdett||University of Kansas||Following and Leading: The 104th Freshmen in the U.S. House||1996||3000|
|Loomis, Burdett||University of Kansas||The Fight of His Life: Bob Dole and the 1974 Kansas U.S. Senate Election||2007||3500|
|Lorenz, Geoffrey Miles||University of Michigan||Committee Chairs’ Priorities, Interest Group Influence, and Congressional Committee Agenda-Setting||2015||3436|
|Loverd, Richard||Villanova University||Senate and White House Leadership: The Baker Experience||1987||1500|
|Luecke, Karen Hofer||George Mason University||The Senate Leadership in Shaping the 1944 GI Bill of Rights||2001||3500|
|MacKenzie, Scott A.||University of California- Davis||From Political Pathways to Legislative Folkways: Connecting Institutions, Political Experiences and Legislative Decision-Making||2012||3499|
|Madonna, Anthony J. and Ian Ostrander||University of Georgia
Texas Tech University
|Hired Help: The Significance of Staffing for Congressional Capacity||2014||3,100|
|Malecha, Gary Lee and Daniel J. Reagan||University of Portland; Ball State University||Congress in a New Media Age||2005||3330|
|Maltzman, Forrest||George Washington University||Speaker Cannon and the Committee Assignment Process||1998||1500|
|Mann, Tamara||Columbia University||Congressional Leadership in Old Age Policy, 1950-1961||2011||1292|
|Manna, Paul||University of Wisconsin||School's in on Capitol Hill: Education Policy and the U.S. Congress, 2000-2002||2001||1645|
|Martin, Paul S.||Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia||Congressional Responses to Citizen Participation: The Effect of Voter Turnout on Representation and Lawmaking||2006||3500|
|Martis, Kenneth||West Virginia University||Political Party Control of Congressional Redistricting,1790's-1990's||1995||3000|
|McCormick, James||Iowa State University||The Impact of Committee and Subcommittee Chairs on the Policy Activism of the House Foreign Affairs Committee||1985||1000|
|McCormick, James and Neil Mitchell||Iowa State University; University of New Mexico||The Congressional Human Rights Caucus and the Promotion of Global Human Rights||2002||3500|
|McGinnis, Kathleen||Trinity College||Theory-Building in Studies of Congressional Leadership||1983||1150|
|Meinke, Scott R.||Bucknell University||Leadership, Loyalty, and Constituency: Governing and Representation in the House Extended Party Leadership||2009||2700|
|Mellow, Nicole||University of Texas||Reconstituting the Party: A Study of the Regional Dimensions of Party Conflict in the Post-War House||2000||1115|
|Mergel, Inez||Syracuse University||Strategic Intent vs. Observed Tactics of Twitter Use Among Members of Congress||2013||3500|
|Merriner, James||Free-Lance Writer||Mr. Chairman: Power in Dan Rostenkowski's America||1996||2000|
|Messmer, John||University of Missouri||Early Political Life on the World Wide Web: Congress, Voters, and Organized Interests on the Internet||1997||1100|
|Meyers, Roy T.||University of Maryland Baltimore County||Setting Priorities in the Congressional Budget Process||2003||3500|
|Mezey, Michael||DePaul University||Apprenticeship and Participation in the House of Representatives||1980||1000|
|Miler, Kristina C.||University of Illinois||Changing Chambers, Changing Constituencies: Legislative Behavior from the House to the Senate||2008||3390|
|Millman, Stephen||Massachusetts Institute of Technology||Impact of the Quality of Members of the U.S. House on Leaving Congress: Implications for Term Limits||1998||3000|
|Mills, Russell and Jennifer Selin||Bowling Green State University||Behind “Enemy” Lines?: Congressional Detailees and Executive Branch Influence over Policy Formulation||2016||3500|
|Mitchell, Franklin||University of Southern California||Confronting the American Dilemma: President Harry S. Truman, the South, and Postwar Race Relations, 1945-1953||1989||2000|
|Moeller, Megan||University of Texas at Austin||Heresthetics, Partisanship, and the Pursuit of Majority Status in an Era of Party Government||2014||3,050|
|Morin, Jamie M.||Yale University||Measuring Congressional Intervention in Defense Budgeting, FY1980 to Present||2003||3312|
|Moscardelli, Vincent G.||University of Massachusetts||Transforming Leadership in Senate Committees||1999||2000|
|Neef, Marian||University of Illinois||Bibliographic Survey of Congressional Leadership||1978||2250|
|Nokken, Timothy P.||University of Houston||Analyzing Minority Party Floor Motions Across Congressional Partisan Eras||2004||2250|
|Nokken, Timothy P.||Texas Tech University||Multiple Referrals and the Legislative Process in the U.S. House of Representatives, 1975-2010||2011||2500|
|O'Halloran, Sharyn||Columbia University||Congress, The Executive, and Delegation||1997||2500|
|O'Lessker, Karl||Indiana University||Income Redistribution Program||1982||1250|
|Oleszek, Mark J.||University of California- Berkeley||Social Embeddedness and the Contemporary Evolution of the U.S. Senate||2009||3500|
|Olson, Adam||University of Minnesota||Conflict, Consensus, and Opportunity: Congress and the Development of the American Welfare State||2015||2052|
|Oppenheimer, Bruce||University of Houston||The Impact of Changing Time Constraints on Leadership Management of the U.S. Senate and U.S. House of Representatives||1983||2500|
|Oppenheimer, Bruce||Vanderbilt University||Party Switchers in Congress, 1876-2001||2001||2532|
|Overby, L. Marvin||University of Missouri-Columbia||Discharge Petitions in the Pre-Conditional Party Government Era||2008||3294|
|Owens, John E.||University of Westminster||A Longitudinal Study of Congressional Committee Leadership||1988||2000|
|Owens, John E.||University of Westminster||The Impact of Leaders' Personal Characteristics on Leadership in the U.S. House of Representatives||2005||3500|
|Owens, Mark||Bates College||Coordinating Legislative Action and the Substance of Legislation in the U.S. Senate, 1937-1977||2015||3133|
|Palazzolo, Dan||University of Richmond||Leadership in the Budget Process||1988||1300|
|*Palmer, Maxwell||Harvard University||Time and Political Power||2013||3250|
|Panagopoulos, Costas||New York University||Eyes and Ears: Deputy Whips as Strategic Actors in Reducing Information Uncertainty in the U.S. House of Representatives||2002||3500|
|Panning, William||University of Iowa||Patterns of Policy Leadership in the Senate, 1979-81||1982||1000|
|Patterson, Samuel||University of Iowa||The Congressional Party of the 1980s||1984||3090|
|Peabody, Robert||Johns Hopkins University||Party Leadership in the Senate||1979||1500|
|Peabody, Robert||Johns Hopkins University||Continuity and Change in Congressional Leadership||1983||1746|
|Peabody, Robert||Johns Hopkins University||Congressional Leaders in Their Home Districts||1990||3395|
|Peake, Jeffrey S. and
Glen S. Krutz
|Bowling Green State University; University of Oklahoma||Presidential-Congressional Relations on International Agreements, 1949-2000||2003||3479|
|Pearson, Kathryn||University of Minnesota||Congresswomen in Pursuit of Power, 1987-2007||2008||1200|
|Pelika, Stacey Lynn||University of Wisconsin||Managing Public Opinion: Attentive Publics, Political Elites, and the Policymaking Process||2005||3474|
|Peoples, Clayton||Ohio State University||Understanding Congressional Roll Call Voting: The Impact of Legislator Social Relations||2004||2910|
|Perotti, Rosanna||Case Western Reserve University||Congressional Leadership and Legislation as Dispute Resolution: The Case of Immigration Reform||1988||1500|
|Perotti, Rosanna||Hofstra University||Congress and Illegal Immigration Restrictions, 1986-1996||1997||1500|
|Peters, Margaret||Stanford University||Firm Mobility, Firm Lobbying, and Congressional Support for Immigration||2011||1900|
|Peterson, Mark||Harvard University||From Vested Oligarchy to Informed Entrepreneurship in Congress: New Opportunities for Health Care Reform?||1993||2300|
|Pierce, Rachael Laura||University of Virginia||Capitol Feminism: Work, Politics and Gender in Congress, 1960-1980||2012||3420|
|Potts, Steve J.||University of Nebraska-Lincoln||All the Fruits of the Garden: Congress, the New Frontier, the Great Society, and Federal Policy Toward Native Americans, 1961-1969||1994||1500|
|Powell, Eleanor N.||Harvard University||Reward and Punishment: Career Advancement in the U.S. Congress||2008||3500|
|Powell, Lynda W.||University of Rochester||Effects of Leadership Professionalization||2014||3,500|
|Radezky, Eric||Rutgers University||Home Style in the 21st Century||2014||1500|
|Radomsky, Susan||University of Chicago||Society and National Politics at Washington, 1856-76||1994||2100|
|Ragusa, Jordan||College of Charleston||Structure-Induced Learning and the Sociological Study of the U.S. Congress||2012||2079|
|Razaghian, Rose||Columbia University||Legislative Choices: The Development and Selection of Financial Policies During the Ante-Bellum Period||2001||1400|
|Reeher, Grant||Syracuse University||Health Care Reform and Distributive Justice||1995||1000|
|Reeves, Andrew and Adam Michael Dynes||Washington University in St. Louis and Yale University||Caucus Meetings, Service Requests, and Party Coordination in the House||2014||3,060|
|Reichard, Gary||Ohio State University||Senate Leaders and the Civil Rights Revolution||1981||311|
|Renouard, Joseph P.||Emory University||Limits and Morality: The Emergence of Human Rights in America’s Post-Vietnam Foreign Policy||2008||2079|
|Rigueur, Leah Wright||Harvard University||[Edward] Brooke: The Making of the Modern Black Politician||2016||3500|
|* Ritchie, Melinda (Molly)||University of Illinois||Who Follows Up on Policy? Members of Congress & Public Policy Implementation||2013||1600|
|Robeck, Bruce||Texas A & M University||The Electoral Environment of Congressional Leaders||1984||2300|
|Robeck, Bruce||Texas A & M University||The Electoral Environment of Congressional Leaders||1985||2000|
|Roberts, Craig and
|Sangamon State University||Independents in Congress—Are They Really Independent?||1991||1500|
|Roberts, Susan||Winthrop College||Assessing Constitutional Deliberation in the U.S. Congress||1987||1100|
|Rohde, David||Michigan State University||Leaders, Followers and Partisanship in the House of Representatives||1987||3000|
|Rohde, David||Michigan State University||Party Leadership and Intraparty Cohesion Among House Democrats||1990||1500|
|Rosen, Elliot A.||Rutgers University||The Age of Conservative Coalition, 1932-1945||1982||1500|
|Rosenson, Beth A.||University of Florida||Does the Ethics Process Strengthen or Harm Congress and American Democracy?||2007||3070|
|Rosenstiehl, Michael||Texas A & M University||Policy Attributes and Legislative Decision Making||1996||2000|
|Rottinghaus, Brandon||University of Idaho||Rethinking "Shared Powers": "Informal" Covert Legislative Lobbying of the Executive Branch||2007||2878|
|Rozell, Mark||Mary Washington College||Press Coverage of Congress in the Post-War Era||1995||800|
|Rubin, Ruth Bloch||University of California- Berkeley||The Strategic and Electoral Logics of Congressional Sub-Party Coalitions||2011||3500|
|Ryan, Joshua||University of Colorado||Interchamber Bargaining Processes and Institutions||2010||3500|
|Rybicki, Elizabeth||University of Minnesota||The Impact of Bicameralism||2000||3500|
|Savage, James||University of Virginia||The Influence of Subcommittee Leadership in the House Appropriations Committee: The Chairmanship of William H. Natcher||1992||500|
|Schaefer, William||American University||Democratic House Leadership Tested: Budget Tax Battles of 1981||1984||1720|
|Schaffner, Brian||Indiana University-Bloomington||Competing for Coverage: Legislators and the Local Press||2000||1470|
|Schapsmeier, Edward||Illinois State University||Everett M. Dirksen: Senatorial Statesman||1979||500|
|Schenk, Jennifer||Rutgers University||How Candidates for Congress Claim to be Representatives of Constituents||2004||3500|
|Schick, Allen||University of Maryland||Congressional Leadership and the Congressional Budget Process||1981||1000|
|Schick, Allen||University of Maryland||The Impact of the Congressional Budget Process on Congress||1984||2750|
|Schickler, Eric and Kathryn Pearson||University of California-Berkeley||Agenda Control, Majority Party Power, and the House Committee on Rules, 1932-65||2002||2500|
|Schlomer, Paul||University of Wisconsin||Representing the Mediated Public: A Study of the Role, Perceptions, the Public, and Uncertainty in Congressional Decision-Making||2004||2800|
|Schousen, Matthew||Duke University||The Politics of Congressional Reform: A Study of the Distribution of Power and Authority in the U.S. House of Representatives between 1890 and 1990||1992||1000|
|Schraufnagel, Scot||Northern Illinois University||Measuring Change in the Electoral Security of Congressional Leaders||2013||3500|
|Scott, James and Ralph Carter||University of Nebraska; Texas Christian University||Congressional Foreign Policy Entrepreneurs and U.S. Foreign Policy||2001||3000|
|Sellers, Patrick J.||Davidson College||Constructing the News: Strategic Communication in Congress||2006||2423|
|Shapiro, Rachel A.||University of Virginia||Washington Brotherhood: Friendship and Politics in the Civil War Era||2009||3243|
|Shepsle, Kenneth and
Brian D. Humes
Michigan State University
|Institutional Innovation as a Leadership Strategy: Speaker Clay and the Committee System||1986||2000|
|Sherman, Janann||Harvard University||From Senate to White House: Margaret Chase Smith in the "Presidential Incubator"||1991||2500|
|Sherman, Matthew C.||Saint Louis University||Presidential Assassinations: The Failure to Protect Lincoln, Garfield, and McKinley||2008||2662|
|Siemers, David||Colorado College||Managing Adversity: Congressional Leaders' Responses to Catastrophic Losses||2000||960|
|Simon, Dennis||Southern Methodist University||Southerners in the U.S. House of Representatives: A History of Electoral, Partisan, and Ideological Change, 1936-2000||2002||2800|
|Simpson, Brooks||Arizona State University||Republican Realignment in the United States Senate, 1869-1880||1991||2000|
|Sinclair, Barbara||University of California-Riverside||Majority Party Leadership in the Post-Reform House of Representatives||1980||1000|
|Sinclair, Barbara||University of California-Riverside||Majority Party Leadership in the Post-Reform House of Representatives||1981||850|
|Sinclair, Barbara||University of California-Riverside||Issue Leadership and Policy Incubation in the U.S. Senate||1983||2000|
|Sinclair, Barbara||University of California-Riverside||Congressional Leadership in the Late 1980s: Strategic Adaptation to a Changing Environment||1987||1000|
|Sinclair, Barbara||University of California-Riverside||Leadership Strength as a Response to Partisan Adversity: House Majority Party Leadership in the 1990s||1991||1000|
|Sinclair, D.E. “Betsy”||University of Chicago||Socializing in Session: The Social Foundations of Legislative Organization||2010||3500|
|Sinclair, Melissa||George Mason University||From Our Abundance: the Origins of U.S. Foreign Assistance as Evidenced in Congressional Debates, 1789-1949||2015||3420|
|Smith, J. Douglas||Other||Everett Dirksen and Article V: Congress, the Courts, and the Political Thicket||2006||2000|
|Smith, Keith W.||University of California- Berkeley||Styles of Oversight: How Congress Oversees the Executive Branch||2003||3500|
|Smith, Steven||George Washington University||Leadership Interaction in Congress||1983||1700|
|Smith, Steven||University of Minnesota||Managing the Senate: Leadership and Complex Unanimous Consent Agreement||1988||1700|
|Smith, Zachary C.||Boston University||From the Well of the House: The Rise of Conservative Republicans in the House of Representatives, 1978-1994||2009||3420|
|Soherr-Hadwiger, David||University of New Mexico||Budget-Cutting vs. Pork Barreling: Party Leaders, Committees and Military Base Closures||1995||2000|
|Solovey, Mark||University of Wisconsin-Madison||Congressional Leadership in National Science Policy: The Case of Social Science Research||1993||2000|
|Sonti, Samir||University of California Santa Barbara||Inflation and the Antimonopoly Tradition in the Postwar Congress||2015||3500|
|Span, Christopher||Marquette University||The FBI and the Internal Security Committee||1989||500|
|Steely, Melvin||West Georgia College||Unplanned and Unexpected: A Study of How Unplanned and Unexpected Change Occurred in the Leadership of Both Parties in the U.S. House of Representatives in the Spring of 1989||1990||500|
|Steigerwalt, Amy||University of California- Berkeley||Senators, Interest Groups, and Judicial Confirmations||2002||3060|
|Stewart III, Charles||Massachusetts Institute of Technology||Speakers, Parties, and Committees from Blaine to Rayburn||1989||2000|
|Stewart III, Charles||Massachusetts Institute of Technology||Speakership Elections Before the Civil War||2000||3500|
|Stiglitz, Edward H.||Stanford University||Congressional Oversight of the Federal Judiciary||2009||3500|
|Stone, Gary||Columbia University||The Senate and the Vietnam War, 1964-1973||1994||2750|
|Strach, Patricia||University of Wisconsin-Madison||Stability, Change, and Family Assumptions in Congressional Policymaking||2003||3040|
|Strahan, Randall||Emory University||Architects of Leadership||1989||1000|
|Strahan, Randall||Emory University||Congressional Leadership in Institutional Time||1991||1100|
|Stubben, Jerry||Iowa State University||Leadership Influence Upon the District Inheritance of Committee Seats in the United States House of Representatives||1989||500|
|Stumpff, Linda Moon||University of Southern California||The Legislative Imperative: The Endangered Species Act, Congress and the Implementation of Public Policy||1995||2000|
|Sulkin, Tracy||University of Washington||Lessons Learned?: Campaigns, Elections, and Legislative Behavior||2001||3373|
|Sullivan, Terry||University of Texas at Austin||Leadership Under New Rules: Partisan Leadership in the Post-Reform Era||1982||843|
|Sullivan, Terry||University of Texas at Austin||Conversion Strategies and Success for Partisan Leadership||1984||2043|
|Sullivan, Terry||University of North Carolina||Assessing Strategies for Congressional Leadership: Bargaining and Procedural Control||1988||2000|
|Swift, Elaine||Harvard University||The Transformation of the U.S. Senate, 1789-1841||1986||1590|
|Tadie, Eugene||Northern Illinois University||The Political Economy of East-West Relations||1980||390|
|Talbert, Jeffrey C.||Texas A & M University||Processing Health Policy Agendas in Congressional Committees||1993||2500|
|Tananbaum, Duane||City University of New York||Congress Versus the President: From Roosevelt to Reagan||1990||2000|
|Tatalovich, Raymond||Loyola University Chicago||Lawmaking During the "100 Days" of 1896-1996: Legislative Fact or Political Fiction||1998||2400|
|Tate, Katherine||University of California- Irvine||Black Legislative Behavior from Carter to Obama||2010||3500|
|Taylor, Andrew J.||University of Connecticut||Divided Government, Domestic Policy and Political Change, 1955-1992||1994||3163|
|Taylor, Andrew J.||North Carolina State University||The Quality of Floor Proceedings in Congress||2003||200|
|Thomsen, Danielle||Duke University||Ideological Moderates Won’t Run: How Candidate Emergence Contributes to Partisan Polarization in Congress||2014||3,500|
|Thurber, James||American University||Congressional Leadership and the Budget Process||1985||2275|
|Thurber, Timothy N.||University of North Carolina||The Politics of Equality: Hubert Humphrey and the Quest for Racial Justice||1993||3000|
|Thurber, Timothy N.||SUNY-Oswego||Race and the Republican Party: 1945-Present||1999||3500|
|Tidmarch, Charles||Union College||Subcommittee Leadership Style and Effectiveness in the U.S. Congress||1985||1500|
|Tien, Charles||University of Iowa||Congress vs. the President in the Federal Budget: The Impact of Rules on Success||1995||2000|
|Tofias, Michael W.||University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee||Parties and Leaders in the Congressional Network: Positioning Within the Social Network of Member-to-Member Campaign Contributions||2007||3465|
|Uslaner, Eric||University of Maryland||Congressional Leadership, Energy Policy Making, and the Nature of Policy Agendas||1981||850|
|Uslaner, Eric||University of Maryland||The Decline of Comity in Congress||1985||1500|
|Uslaner, Eric||University of Maryland||Do Leaders Lead?||1990||1000|
|Valelly, Richard M.||Swarthmore College||Why the Reed Rules? Party, Race, and the Foundations of the U.S. House's Governability||2006||1985|
|Van Beek, Stephen||University of Virginia||When the House and Senate Meet: Congressional Conference Committees||1989||500|
|Van Der Slik, Jack||Sangamon State University||The Illinois Congressional Delegation: Behavior as Informal Groups||1989||1500|
|Victor, Jennifer Nicoll||Washington University-St. Louis||Convincing Congress: The Role of Interest Groups in Legislative Policy Making||2001||3500|
|Vinson, C. Danielle||Duke University||Local Media Coverage of Members of Congress: Using Local Media to Communicate with Constituents||1994||1600|
|Vorenberg, Michael||Harvard University||Congress, the Thirteenth Amendment, and the Politics of Emancipation||1993||2000|
|Wagner, Michael W.||Indiana University||The Influence of Competitive Congressional Issue-Framing on Public Opinion and Mass Partisanship||2005||3500|
|Wagner, Michael, Elizabeth Theiss-Morse, and Dona-Gene Mitchell||University of Nebraska||Vilifying Rhetoric and Congressional Behavior||2011||3500|
|Wagner, Wendy||Case Western Reserve University||Legislating Science: Congress, Science, and Environmental Law||1994||700|
|Ward, Daniel||New York University||Decision Making in Congressional Committees: The Effects of Time, Place, and Policy||1988||1500|
|Ward, Daniel||Rice University||Party Leadership in U.S. Senate Committees||1992||1000|
|Watts, Mark||University of Minnesota||Covering Congress: Media Coverage of the U.S. Congress and Its Impact on Public Opinion||1995||1500|
|Weinberg, Bill||Independent Writer||Biography of Carl D. Perkins||1997||2500|
|Weisberg, Herbert||Ohio State University||Senate Voting on Confirmation of Supreme Court Justices||1987||2200|
|West, Darrell||Brown University||Congressional Decision-Making and the Reagan Tax Cut||1984||2180|
|West, Darrell||Brown University||The Politics of Deficit Reduction||1986||2300|
|West, Darrell||Brown University||Television Advertising in Senate Campaigns||1988||1500|
|White, Danielle||American University||Do You See What I See?: Perceptions of Representation by African American U.S. Representatives||2002||3500|
|Whiteman, David||University of South Carolina||Congressional Decision Making: Developing Models of the Acquisition and Use of Analytical Information||1986||2740|
|Wilcox, Clyde||Georgetown University||Individual Contributors in House and Senate Elections||1997||1750|
|Williamson, Ryan D.||University of Georgia||Examining the Disparate Preferences of Party Leaders and Their Base: Evidence from Primary Elections||2015||3000|
|Wilson, Rick||Rice University||Contest, Institutional Powers and Leadership Traits: Disentangling Leadership and Followership||1995||1400|
|Windsor, Duane||Rice University||Exercising Congressional Leadership in the Budgetary Process||1985||2000|
|Wineinger, Catherine||Rutgers University||Gendering the GOP: Republican Women and the Evolution of Women’s Representation in Congress||2016||3000|
|Wires, Cheryl||Harvard University||Congressional Structure, Party Leadership, and the Retrenchment of Welfare State Policies||1987||2000|
|Wlezien, Christopher||University of Iowa||The Politics of the Budgetary Process: A Study of System Dynamics and Presidential-Congressional Interaction||1988||1500|
|Woods, Randall B.||University of Arkansas||Biography of Senator J. William Fulbright||1991||2000|
|Woods, Randall B.||University of Arkansas||The Anti-Imperialists: Congressional Opponents to the Vietnam War||1999||2400|
|Wright, Fiona||University of Florida||The Political Implications of Institutional Reform: The 1974 Budget Act and Party Polarization in the U.S. House, 1975-1997||1998||1050|
|Wright, John||University of Iowa||Organized Interests Before the Supreme Court: Confirmation and Rejection of Nominations to the Supreme Court||1988||1500|
|Ybarra, Michael||Wall Street Journal||Pat McCarran and the Post-War Fight Against Subversion||1995||2300|
|Yoshinaka, Antoine||University of California- Riverside||The Rise of Incivility in the Senate||2007||3400|
|Young, Garry and Valerie Heitshusen||University of Missouri-Columbia||Measuring Legislative Policy Change: 1874-1994||1999||2020|
|Young, Nancy Beck||University of Texas||Wright Patman and the Politics of Compromise: A Study in Congressional Leadership||1992||1200|
|Zeidel, Robert||St. Cloud University||Congressional Leadership and the Creation of United States Immigration Commission||1990||1000|
|Zeiler, Thomas W.||University of Colorado||Congress and the Forging of the International Trade Order, 1941-1965||1992||850|
|Zelizer, Julian E.||Johns Hopkins University||Wilbur Mills: Congressional Power and the Administrative State||1993||2000|
|Zelizer, Julian E.||University at Albany||Demanding Democracy: Congressional Reform, 1961-86||1999||3500|
Congressional Research Grants: Selected Progress Reports
Danielle Thomsen, Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs, Syracuse University, “Ideological Moderates Won’t Run: How Candidate Emergence Contributes to Partisan Polarization in Congress.” Grant awarded in 2014. Progress reported, August 2016.
Partisan polarization has been one of the most prominent topics in congressional scholarship over the past decade. The distance between the two parties in Congress has continued to grow with nearly each election cycle, and partisan polarization is now at a record high (Poole and Rosenthal 2007). Those in the ideological middle have all but vanished from office, and Congress is currently characterized by what Bafumi and Herron (2010) call “leapfrog representation,” with ideological extremists being replaced by other extremists.
This project improves our understanding of partisan polarization by examining ideological changes in the makeup of congressional candidates from 1980 to 2012. I used the Dirksen Congressional Research Grant to hire undergraduate research assistants. They collected data of all U.S. House candidates from the America Votes series and merged them with Bonica’s (2014) ideology estimates. The dataset includes whether the candidate won or lost the primary and/or general election and his/her percentage of the vote. This dataset first allowed me to analyze changes in the congressional candidate pool over time. I found that the percentage of moderates in the candidate pool steadily declined during this thirty-year period. Conservative Democrats like John Tanner and liberal Republicans like Olympia Snowe now comprise less than five percent of the congressional candidates on the ballot.
The dataset also allowed me to examine the relationship between candidate ideology and victory patterns. I found that moderates are less likely to win the primary and more likely to win the general, although the substantive impact of ideology is relatively small compared to other variables like incumbency and campaign receipts. Lastly, the dataset includes additional variables, such as gender, which enabled me to analyze, for example, whether ideology has a different impact on the victory rates of male and female candidates. Contrary to the gender and politics literature, the findings suggest that ideologically similar men and women are equally likely to win the primary and general election. Ideology does not have different effects on the victory rates of male and female candidates.
Scholars have focused on mass-level and institutional-level explanations for partisan polarization in Congress, but little attention has been given to the choices voters have when they go to the polls. This dataset on congressional candidates, which was made possible by the Dirksen Congressional Research Grant, has enabled us to more fully understand historical changes in patterns of candidate entry during this time period as well. Some of the findings will be published in my book, Opting Out of Congress: Partisan Polarization and the Decline of Moderate Candidates (forthcoming with Cambridge University Press). Other results have been included in articles that are currently in progress or under revision at political science journals.
Eric Radezky, Rutgers University, “Home Style in the 21st Century.” Grant awarded in 2014. Progress reported March 2016
Building on the pioneering work of Richard Fenno’s Home Style (1978), this project explores how Members of Congress present themselves to their constituencies in the second decade of the 21st century. Using Fenno’s ethnographic methodology, I traveled with seven sitting members of the House in 2013 and 2014. My experiences during these travels confirms several of Fenno’s most enduring findings, including concentric circles of a constituency, expansionist and protectionist stages of a member’s career, and the importance of member fit with the district.
In addition, my work reveals that modern members of the House must decide whether or not they want to present themselves as partisans to their constituents. This decision is based on two key questions: is the member’s district dominated by one party; and does the member feel comfortable with a partisan presentational style? If the district favors one party over the other, the member is free to adopt a partisan style, which is characterized by frequent bashing of the opposite party when addressing constituents. If the district is not dominated by one party, the member is constrained and cannot adopt such a style. However, some members who are free to choose a partisan style do not do so out of personal preference.
I also find that anger over the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) unites Republican members and their constituents unlike any other issue. My study includes three Republicans, one who uses a partisan presentational style, one who is constrained and cannot use that style and one who is free to choose the partisan style but simply chooses not to do so. Despite these differences, all three Republicans criticize the ACA as an economic deterrent, and each of their most important constituencies responds well to this argument.
Finally, I compare and contrast several of my subjects with several of Fenno’s. In one comparison, I explore how the passage of time has affected representation over three generations of representatives in a geographic district. There, the major change is the rise of a new dominant ethnicity, yet the keys to successful constituent relations in this district are remarkably stable over a period of 40 years. In another comparison, I examine the roles of two African American members. Not surprisingly, black constituents in 2013 have different expectations of their African American representative than what Fenno found in the 1970s. The relationships of these members with their local Democratic Party bosses are also markedly different. In a final comparison, I explore some of the factors that lead members to retire. Sometimes retirement is by choice, a chance to pursue other interests or to spend one’s twilight years with family. Other times retirement is forced on members.
Ethnographic research is expensive due to the travel involved, and several of my seven subjects would not be included in this study were it not for support from the Dirksen Congressional Center. The addition of those members greatly increased the scope of this project and led to several of the conclusions described here.
Alison Craig, “Cue-Taking in Congress: Interest Group Signals from Dear Colleagues.” Grant awarded in 2013. Progress reported March 2015.
We would like to thank you for the Dirksen Center’s support of our research project, “Cue-Taking in Congress: Interest Group Signals from Dear Colleagues,” and update you on the progress made since receiving a Congressional Research Award in 2013.
The support from the Dirksen Center allowed us to hire a team of undergraduate research assistants who hand-coded nearly 5,000 Dear Colleague letters. The resulting data are being used in several ongoing projects that promise to shed new light on the understudied area of collaboration in Congress. Our initial project uncovers new evidence of how powerful interest groups are able to affect the legislative process by endorsing legislation, which is particularly effective early in the legislative process. This paper was presented at both the 2013 American Political Science Association conference and the 2014 Midwest Political Science Association Conference and will be submitted to a top political science journal in the coming months.
The data were also used to support Alison’s successful application for the National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship and a currently pending National Science Foundation Political Science grant application to further our research on collaboration in Congress. Alison has used the data for her own work on collaboration and legislative success in the House of Representatives, which finds that members who collaborate more with colleagues find greater success in building support for their legislation. She has presented her project at the 2014 Midwest Political Science Association Conference, the 2014 Political Networks Conference, the 2014 Political Methodology Conference and the 2014 American Political Science Association Conference. Her dissertation will build on this research, using the Dear Colleague data collected to study how members of Congress benefit from collaborating with colleagues, who collaborates with whom and how collaboration shapes the behavior of Congress as a whole.
Thank you again for your support. The Dirksen Center’s funding has been invaluable to us in our research and in addition to our current work, we expect this unique data will be used in many more projects in years to come.
Robert H. Michel Special Project Grants
The Dirksen Congressional Center announces the termination of the Robert H. Michel Special Project Grants effective June 1, 2013. The Center will concentrate its grant-making activities in an enhanced version of its long-standing Congressional Research Awards now renamed “Congressional Research Grants Sponsored by The Dirksen Congressional Center.”
Previous Grant Awards
The Dirksen Congressional Center has the following Special Project Grants:
2001 "The Macro-Politics of Congress," a conference co-sponsored by the University of Colorado, The Dirksen Congressional Center, and Yale University.
2001 Subvention for the publication of The American Congress: The Building of Democracy, ed. Julian Zelizer (Boston and New York: Houghton Miflin Co., 2004). The book features 40 essays that capture "the full drama, landmark legislation, and most memorable personalities of Congress."
2001 MindUniversity won the third grant in November 2001 to develop virtual field trips for high school students using resources posted on The Center's Web sites and based on an Internet organizer developed by MU.
2004 Steve Frantzich, U.S. Naval Academy, "How a Bill Becomes Law Interactive." This project will create an interactive " bill becomes law" flow chart that can serve as a stand-alone activity or as the basis of classroom instruction. Each stage of the legislative process will be accompanied by a video clip example, a textual description, a discussion of alternative methods to accomplish that step, and a statistical summary (how many bills are introduced, how many roll call votes per year, etc.) The deliverables will include a PowerPoint presented with video insertions, the content for textual descriptions, and instructor's guide, and a plan to post the project results on The Center's Web suite. The U.S. Naval Academy is providing cost-sharing support.
2005 Stephanie Vance, AdVanced Consulting, "The Congressional Hearing Toolkit." "The Congressional Hearing Toolkit" will help students understand the role of the congressional hearing in the policy process, i.e., how committees operate and influence legislation, through an interactive model. The deliverables will include written materials, video of committee hearings, and two committee hearing simulation models for student use. AdVAnced Consulting is providing cost-sharing support.
2006 John Wilkerson, University of Washington, "LegSim:Senate." This project will create a companion curricular resources to LegSim: House of Representatives. Both permit students in classes of any size to organize and operate their own legislature. LegSim includes a host of instructional resources such as assignments, grading tools, and learning icons, and is customized by the instructor. Because LegSim is remotely hosted, students participate from any web browser at any time and the instructor has the flexibility to decide whether activities, such as committee meetings, debates, or votes, occur in the classroom or outside of it. Click here to visit the LegSim website: www.legsim.org.
2007 Jeffrey L. Bernstein, Eastern Michigan University, “What Do Our Students See When They Look at Congress?” This project uses “think-aloud” methodology to explore ways in which we can improve instruction on Congress. In the think-aloud, students are presented with a series of articles or videos about a particular issue (in this case, the Employee Free Choice Act of 2007) and about a particular legislative procedure (the filibuster). Students read source material and “think aloud” as they do so, enabling thoughts to be seen as they develop (rather than after they fully form, such as would be the case if a formal written paper is read). Bernstein’s research reveals the importance of understanding (1) the tension between majority rule and majority rights and (2) the essentially conflictual nature of legislative activity. When students have a low comfort level with these ideas, their ability to understand the work of the legislative branch suffers dramatically. See http://www.dirksencenter.org/print_expert_bernsteinlecture.htm for the project’s work product.
2009 FedNet, “TeachingCongress.net.” This project takes advantage of a unique, proprietary database consisting of all House and Senate floor proceedings since 1998 to produce a Web-based, interactive, multi-media resource for teaching about Congress. Conceived of as a glossary of commonly taught terms about Congress linked to digitized illustrations of those terms, TeachingCongress.net will provide a platform for the addition of lesson plans, expert commentary, and student activities. For an example related to Black History Month, visit http://www.fednet.net/tc/blackhistory.htm.
2009 American Judicature Society, “Screening Commissions for US District Judge Nominees: A Study of U.S. Senators and the Process of Choosing Federal Judges.” Funds will be used by AJS to establish a collaborative working group of scholars and researchers to design and oversee new research on senators’ use of screening commissions to recommend individuals for appointment to U.S. District Courts. As the only study of its kind since the Carter administration, it will provide an historic bridge between initiatives taken during that administration and current senatorial plans, allowing for better-informed study of the federal nominating process and senatorial practices to advance the selection of highly qualified judges.
2010 Scott A. Frisch and Sean Q. Kelly, California State University Channel Islands, “Pork: The Web Site.” Frisch and Kelly will create a multimedia website containing resources for students, teachers, researchers, the media, and the public aimed at increasing understanding of Congress and its power of the purse. The site will focus on congressional earmarks and the congressional appropriations process. This is a two-year commitment.
2010 Oxford University Press, pre-publication support for “Roll Call: A History of the United States Senate” by the late Neil MacNeil. As chief congressional correspondent for Time magazine, MacNeil had unique access to many of the major modern figures in the book—he was a good friend of Everett Dirksen and Lyndon Johnson, for example—and much of his information is drawn from his own archived reporter’s notebooks, in addition to standard historical research. The grant will assist the press in completing the manuscript and supplying footnotes.
2011 Stephen Frantzich, U.S. Naval Academy, "'So the Congressman Climbed in Bed with the Farmer's Daughter . . . .': The Serious Consequences of Congress as a Target of Humorists." This exploratory research is designed to analyze humorous representations correlated with public knowledge and evaluation of Congress. Congressional representations seem like fertile ground for testing a number of important hypotheses relevant both to Congress and a broader understanding of the sources of public opinion toward other political institutions. The research will result in a teaching module posted on The Center's Web site.
2012 Scott A. Frisch and Sean Q. Kelly, California State University Channel Islands, Politics to the Extreme: American Political Institutions in the 21st Century. This grant will help fund a conference with the purpose to examine the causes, consequences, and potential solutions to the hyper-partisanship and increasing incivility that are the hallmarks of modern American politics.
2012 Angela Evans, LBJ School of Public Affairs, University of Texas at Austin, The Reclamation of the U.S. Congress. This project has three primary goals: (1) to provide recommendations to Congress for ways to improve its governance and operations given the current congressional environment; (2) to create for Congress a compilation of authoritative resources covering congressional attempts at reorganization and their outcomes; and (3) to teach students how to be engaged in, and contribute to, congressional deliberations through objective analyses.
Ray and Kathy LaHood Scholarships for the Study of American Government
The Dirksen Center sponsors the LaHood Scholarships to promote the study of politics and governance as practiced by the distinguished public servants who have represented Illinois's 18th district in Congress, a list which includes Abraham Lincoln, Everett Dirksen, Robert H. Michel, Ray LaHood and, currently, Congressman Aaron Schock.
The purpose of the LaHood Scholarships is to provide financial support for tuition, fees, and books to Bradley University juniors who are majoring in a discipline related to The Dirksen Center's purpose and interest or in a subject related to the study of the federal government. The program is managed by The Institute for Principled Leadership.
The LaHoods endowed the program with a series of donations to The Dirksen Congressional Center beginning in 2005.
Who is Qualified to Apply?
In order to be considered for a LaHood Scholarship, students must meet the following requirements:
They are a junior in good standing who will enter their senior year of study in a field related to the study of the U.S. government (e.g., political science, public administration, American studies, U.S. history).
They attend Bradley University.
They have a Grade Point Average (on a four-point scale) of at least 3.0 overall and 3.5 in their major.
They agree to write a 250-word evaluation of the impact of their scholarship before the end of their senior year.
They agree to meet with Ray or Kathy LaHood during the second semester of their senior year.
Call, write, or e-mail:Brad McMillan, Executive DirectorInstitute for Principled Leadership
1501 W. Bradley
Peoria, IL 61625
(309) 677.4408 (PHONE)
2004 Sarah Anne Cottingham, Millikin University, andJanet M. Greenwalt, Eureka College
2005 Beau Thomas Underwood, Eureka College
Beginning in 2007, the scholarships were restricted to students at Bradley University
2007 Amber Huett and Julie Mierzwa
2008 Emily Gesing and Courtney Lynne Wiersema
2009 Kathyrn Green and Amy Sickinger
2010 Thomas Carroll and James Pripusich
2011 Katie Childs and Michael Kittleson
2012 Megan Ramlo, Bradley University
2013 Victoria Berkow and Abby Schierer
2014 Taylor Soto and Chase Owen
2015 No Awards
2016 Rebekah Guderman
2016 Patrick Campbell
2016 Shannon Schooley
The Dirksen Congressional Center has authored or provided financial support for several book-length publications. What follows are representative examples:
Adler, E. Scott and John S. Lapinski, eds. The Macropolitics of Congress (Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2006)
Baker, Richard A. and Roger H. Davidson, eds. First Among Equals: Outstanding Senate Leaders of the Twentieth Century (Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly Press, 1991)
Joseph Cooper, Congress and the Decline of Public Trust (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1999)
Davidson, Roger H., Susan Webb Hammond, and Raymond W. Smock, eds. Masters of the House: Congressional Leadership Over Two Centuries (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1998)
Dirksen, Everett McKinley. The Education of a Senator (Urbana and Chicago, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1998)
Frisch, Scott A. and Sean Q. Kelly, Politics to the Extreme: American Political Institutions in the Twenty-First Century (New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013)
Kornacki, John J., ed. Leading Congress: New Styles, New Strategies (Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly Press, 1990)
LaHood, Ray with Frank H. Mackaman. Seeking Bipartisanship: My Life in Politics (Buffalo, NY: Cambria Press, 2015)
Mackaman, Frank H. An Idea Whose Time Has Come: The Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Pekin, IL: The Dirksen Congressional Center, 2014)
Mackaman, Frank H. Campaign 1944: Everett M. Dirksen’s Bid for the White House (Pekin, IL: The Dirksen Congressional Center, 2007)
Mackaman, Frank H. Facing the Post-War World: Everett M. Dirksen Abroad, 1944 (Pekin, IL: The Dirksen Congressional Center, 2008)
Mackaman, Frank H. The Long, Hard Furrow: Everett Dirksen’s Part in the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Pekin, IL: The Dirksen Congressional Center, 2014)
Mackaman, Frank H. Of Fakers, Flip-Floppers, Bunglers, and Cowards: Everett Dirksen’s Campaign for the U.S. Senate, 1950 (Pekin, IL: The Dirksen Congressional Center, 2011)
Mackaman, Frank H. Quotations from Bob Michel (Pekin, IL: The Dirksen Congressional Center, 2015)
Mackaman, Frank H., ed. Understanding Congressional Leadership (Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly Press, 1981)
MacNeil, Neil and Richard A. Baker. The American Senate: An Insider’s History (Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2013)
Zelizer, Julian E., ed. The American Congress: The Building of Democracy (Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2004)
Teaching About Congress
“Teaching about Congress” features lesson plans teaching resources, and simulations based on the unique historical materials and resources housed at The Dirksen Congressional Center.